Even after the 13th and 14th amendments, however, the Southerners still continued to discriminate against African-Americans. In 1869, Southerners in Tennessee and Virginia had regained some power to run their own state governments. Some Southerners had even joined groups like the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) because they did not want African-Americans to vote. The Ku Klux Klan was started in 1865 in Tennessee to stop African-Americans from taking advantage of their new rights, using fear, beatings, and murder as necessary to stop them. One way the Ku Klux Klan would enforce fear is by hanging a single to multiple African Americans in a ritual called a lynching. Therefore, it was necessary for northern soldiers to protect the threatened African-Americans and ensure that Southern states gave them their rights. These Southerners could not accept the former slaves as free African-Americans who had the right to vote and participate in state government.